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Data Grid - Rows

This section goes in details on the aspects of the rows you need to know.

Feeding data

The rows can be defined with the rows prop, which expects an array of objects.

โš ๏ธ The rows prop should keep the same reference between two renders except when you want to apply new rows. Otherwise, the grid will re-apply heavy work like sorting and filtering.

  columns={[{ field: 'name' }]}
    { id: 1, name: 'React' },
    { id: 2, name: 'MUI' },

Updating rows

The rows prop

The simplest way to update the rows is to provide the new rows using the rows prop. It replaces the previous values. This approach has some drawbacks:

  • You need to provide all the rows.
  • You might create a performance bottleneck when preparing the rows array to provide to the grid.

The updateRows method

If you want to only update part of the rows, you can use the apiRef.current.updateRows method.

The default behavior of updateRows API is to upsert rows. So if a row has an id that is not in the current list of rows then it will be added to the grid.

Alternatively, if you would like to delete a row, you would need to pass an extra _action property in the update object as below.

apiRef.current.updateRows([{ id: 1, _action: 'delete' }]);

Infinite loading

The grid provides a onRowsScrollEnd prop that can be used to load additional rows when the scroll reaches the bottom of the viewport area.

In addition, the area in which onRowsScrollEnd is called can be changed using scrollEndThreshold.

    LoadingOverlay: CustomLoadingOverlay,

High frequency

Whenever the rows are updated, the grid has to apply the sorting and filters. This can be a problem if you have high frequency updates. To maintain good performances, the grid allows to batch the updates and only apply them after a period of time. The throttleRowsMs prop can be used to define the frequency (in milliseconds) at which rows updates are applied.

When receiving updates more frequently than this threshold, the grid will wait before updating the rows.

The following demo updates the rows every 10ms, but they are only applied every 2 seconds.


Row height

By default, the rows have a height of 52 pixels. This matches the normal height in the Material Design guidelines.

If you want to create a more / less compact grid and not only set the row height, take a look at our Density documentation

To change the row height for the whole grid, set the rowHeight prop:

<DataGrid rowHeight={25} {} />

Styling rows

You can check the styling rows section for more information.

๐Ÿšง Row spanning

โš ๏ธ This feature isn't implemented yet. It's coming.

๐Ÿ‘ Upvote issue #207 if you want to see it land faster.

Each cell takes up the width of one row. Row spanning allows to change this default behavior. It allows cells to span multiple rows. This is very close to the "row spanning" in an HTML <table>.

๐Ÿšง Row reorder

โš ๏ธ This feature isn't implemented yet. It's coming.

๐Ÿ‘ Upvote issue #206 if you want to see it land faster.

Row reorder is used to rearrange rows by dragging the row with the mouse.

๐Ÿšง Row pinning

โš ๏ธ This feature isn't implemented yet. It's coming.

๐Ÿ‘ Upvote issue #1251 if you want to see it land faster.

Pinned (or frozen, locked, or sticky) rows are rows that are visible at all times while the user scrolls the grid vertically.