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Right-to-left

Right-to-left languages such as Arabic, Persian, or Hebrew are supported. To change the direction of MUI components you must follow the following steps.

Steps

1. HTML

Make sure the dir attribute is set on the body, otherwise native components will break:

<body dir="rtl"></body>

As an alternative to the above, you can also wrap your application in an element with the dir attribute:

function App() {
  return (
    <div dir="rtl">
      <MyComponent />
    </div>
  );
}

This can be helpful for creating components to toggle language settings in the live application.

2. Theme

Set the direction in your custom theme:

const theme = createTheme({
  direction: 'rtl',
});

3. Install the rtl plugin

When using either emotion or styled-components, you need stylis-plugin-rtl to flip the styles.

npm install stylis stylis-plugin-rtl

Note: Only emotion is compatible with version 2 of the plugin. styled-components requires version 1. If you are using styled-components as a styled engine, make sure to install the correct version.

In case you are using jss (up to v4) or with the legacy @mui/styles package, you need jss-rtl to flip the styles.

npm install jss-rtl

Having installed the plugin in your project, MUI components still require it to be loaded by the style engine instance that you use. Find bellow guides on how you can load it.

4. Load the rtl plugin

4.1 emotion

If you use emotion as your style engine, you should create new cache instance that uses the stylis-plugin-rtl and provide that on the top of your application tree. The CacheProvider component enables this:

import rtlPlugin from 'stylis-plugin-rtl';
import { CacheProvider } from '@emotion/react';
import createCache from '@emotion/cache';

// Create rtl cache
const cacheRtl = createCache({
  key: 'muirtl',
  stylisPlugins: [rtlPlugin],
});

function RTL(props) {
  return <CacheProvider value={cacheRtl}>{props.children}</CacheProvider>;
}

4.2 styled-components

If you use styled-components as your style engine, you can use the StyleSheetManager and provide the stylis-plugin-rtl as an item in the stylisPlugins property:

import { StyleSheetManager } from 'styled-components';
import rtlPlugin from 'stylis-plugin-rtl';

function RTL(props) {
  return (
    <StyleSheetManager stylisPlugins={[rtlPlugin]}>
      {props.children}
    </StyleSheetManager>
  );
}

4.3 JSS

After installing the plugin in your project, you need to configure the JSS instance to load it. The next step is to make the new JSS instance available to all the components in the component tree. The StylesProvider component enables this:

import { create } from 'jss';
import rtl from 'jss-rtl';
import { StylesProvider, jssPreset } from '@mui/styles';

// Configure JSS
const jss = create({
  plugins: [...jssPreset().plugins, rtl()],
});

function RTL(props) {
  return <StylesProvider jss={jss}>{props.children}</StylesProvider>;
}

For more information on the plugin, head to the plugin README. Note: Internally, withStyles is using this JSS plugin when direction: 'rtl' is set on the theme.

Demo

Use the direction toggle button on the top right corner to flip the whole documentation

<CacheProvider value={cacheRtl}>
  <ThemeProvider theme={theme}>
    <div dir="rtl">
      <TextField label="Name" variant="standard" />
      <input type="text" placeholder="Name" />
    </div>
  </ThemeProvider>
</CacheProvider>

Opting out of rtl transformation

emotion & styled-components

You have to use the template literal syntax and add the /* @noflip */ directive before the rule or property for which you want to disable right-to-left styles.

const AffectedText = styled('div')`
  text-align: left;
`;

const UnaffectedText = styled('div')`
  /* @noflip */
  text-align: left;
`;
Affected
Unaffected

JSS

If you want to prevent a specific rule-set from being affected by the rtl transformation you can add flip: false at the beginning.

const useStyles = makeStyles(
  (theme) => ({
    affected: {
      textAlign: 'right',
    },
    unaffected: {
      flip: false,
      textAlign: 'right',
    },
  }),
  { defaultTheme },
);