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Data grid - Rows

This section goes in details on the aspects of the rows you need to know.

Feeding data

The rows can be defined with the rows prop, which expects an array of objects.

  columns={[{ field: 'name' }]}
    { id: 1, name: 'React' },
    { id: 2, name: 'MUI' },

Row identifier

Each row must have a unique identifier.

This identifier is used internally to identify the row in the various models—for instance, the row selection model—and to track the row across updates.

By default, the data grid looks for a property named id in the data set to get that identifier.

If the row's identifier is not called id, then you need to use the getRowId prop to tell the grid where it's located.

The following demo shows how to use getRowId to grab the unique identifier from a property named internalId:

<DataGrid getRowId={(row) => row.internalId} />

If no such unique identifier exists in the data set, then you must create it by some other means, but this scenario should be avoided because it leads to issues with other features of the grid.

Note that it is not necessary to create a column to display the unique identifier data. The data grid pulls this information directly from the data set itself, not from anything that is displayed on the screen.

Updating rows

The rows prop

The simplest way to update the rows is to provide the new rows using the rows prop. It replaces the previous values. This approach has some drawbacks:

  • You need to provide all the rows.
  • You might create a performance bottleneck when preparing the rows array to provide to the grid.

The updateRows method

If you want to only update part of the rows, you can use the apiRef.current.updateRows method.

The default behavior of updateRows API is to upsert rows. So if a row has an id that is not in the current list of rows then it will be added to the grid.

Alternatively, if you would like to delete a row, you would need to pass an extra _action property in the update object as below.

apiRef.current.updateRows([{ id: 1, _action: 'delete' }]);

Infinite loading

The grid provides a onRowsScrollEnd prop that can be used to load additional rows when the scroll reaches the bottom of the viewport area.

In addition, the area in which onRowsScrollEnd is called can be changed using scrollEndThreshold.

    LoadingOverlay: LinearProgress,

High frequency

Whenever the rows are updated, the grid has to apply the sorting and filters. This can be a problem if you have high frequency updates. To maintain good performances, the grid allows to batch the updates and only apply them after a period of time. The throttleRowsMs prop can be used to define the frequency (in milliseconds) at which rows updates are applied.

When receiving updates more frequently than this threshold, the grid will wait before updating the rows.

The following demo updates the rows every 10ms, but they are only applied every 2 seconds.


Row height

By default, the rows have a height of 52 pixels. This matches the normal height in the Material Design guidelines.

If you want to create a more / less compact grid and not only set the row height, take a look at our Density documentation

To change the row height for the whole grid, set the rowHeight prop:

<DataGrid rowHeight={25} {} />

Variable row height

If you need some rows to have different row heights this can be achieved using the getRowHeight prop. This function is called for each visible row and if the return value is a number then that number will be set as that row's rowHeight. If the return value is null or undefined then the rowHeight prop will take effect for the given row.

  getRowHeight={({ id, densityFactor }: GridRowHeightParams) => {
    if ((id as number) % 2 === 0) {
      return 100 * densityFactor;

    return null;
    Toolbar: CustomToolbar,
const getRowHeight = React.useCallback(() => { ... }, []);

<DataGridPro getRowHeight={getRowHeight} />

Dynamic row height

Instead of a fixed row height, you can let the grid calculate the height of each row based on its content. To do so, return "auto" on the function passed to the getRowHeight prop.

<DataGrid getRowHeight={() => 'auto'} />

The following demo shows this feature in action:

The dynamic row height implementaion is based on a lazy approach, which means that the rows are measured as they are rendered. Because of this, you may see the size of the scrollbar thumb changing during scroll. This side effect happens because a row height estimation is used while a row is not rendered, then this value is replaced once the true measurement is obtained. You can configure the estimated value used by passing a function to the getEstimatedRowHeight prop. If not provided, the default row height of 52px is used as estimation. It's recommended to pass this prop if the content deviates too much from the default value. Note that, due to the implementation adopted, the virtualization of the columns is also disabled to force all columns to be rendered at the same time.

<DataGrid getRowHeight={() => 'auto'} getEstimatedRowHeight={() => 200} />

Row spacing

You can use the getRowSpacing prop to increase the spacing between rows. This prop is called with a GridRowSpacingParams object.

const getRowSpacing = React.useCallback((params: GridRowSpacingParams) => {
  return {
    top: params.isFirstVisible ? 0 : 5,
    bottom: params.isLastVisible ? 0 : 5,
}, []);

By default, setting getRowSpacing will change the marginXXX CSS properties of each row. To add a border instead, set rowSpacingType to "border" and customize the color and style.

  sx={{ '& .MuiDataGrid-row': { borderTopColor: 'yellow', borderTopStyle: 'solid' } }}

Styling rows

You can check the styling rows section for more information.

Row reorder

Row reordering allows to rearrange rows by dragging the special reordering cell.

By default, row reordering is disabled. To enable it, you need to add the rowReordering prop.

<DataGridPro rowReordering />

To capture changes in the order of the dragged row, you can pass a callback to the onRowOrderChange prop. This callback is called with a GridRowOrderChangeParams object.

In addition, you can import the following events to customize the row reordering experience:

  • rowDragStart: emitted when dragging of a row starts.
  • rowDragOver: emitted when dragging a row over another row.
  • rowDragEnd: emitted when dragging of a row stops.

Customizing the reorder value

By default, when you start dragging a row, the id is displayed in the draggable box. To change this, you can give a value to the __reorder__ field for each row.

const columns: GridColumns = [{ field: 'brand' }];

const rows: GridRowsProp = [
  { id: 0, brand: 'Nike', __reorder__: 'Nike' },
  { id: 1, brand: 'Adidas', __reorder__: 'Adidas' },
  { id: 2, brand: 'Puma', __reorder__: 'Puma' },

<DataGridPro rows={rows} columns={columns} rowReordering />;

Customizing the row reordering icon

To change the icon used for the row reordering, you can provide a different component for the icon slot as follow:

    RowReorderIcon: CustomMoveIcon,

Another way to customize is to add a column with field: __reorder__ to your set of columns. That way, you can overwrite any of the properties from the GRID_REORDER_COL_DEF column. The grid will detect that there is already a reorder column defined and it will not add another one in the default position. By only setting the field, is up to you to configure the remaining options (e.g. disable the column menu, filtering, sorting). To already start with a few suggested options configured, spread GRID_REORDER_COL_DEF when defining the column.

      ...GRID_REORDER_COL_DEF, // Already contains the right field
      width: 40,

This approach can also be used to change the location of the toggle column.

🚧 Row spanning

Each cell takes up the width of one row. Row spanning allows to change this default behavior. It allows cells to span multiple rows. This is very close to the "row spanning" in an HTML <table>.

🚧 Row pinning

Pinned (or frozen, locked, or sticky) rows are rows that are visible at all times while the user scrolls the grid vertically.